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Presentation and primary care management of temporomandibular disorders: A survey of primary care dentists in Santiago and Newcastle.

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Chris PenlingtonORCiD, Dr Julia PalmerORCiD, Professor Justin DurhamORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Background Primary care dentists are often the first point of call for people with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) but it is not known how many people present to their dentist with TMD or the forms of first-line management that are routinely offered. Objectives To report rates of presentation of TMD and management offered in primary care by general dental practitioners in two similarly urban areas, Santiago, Chile and Nort-East England. Methods An online survey was developed and distributed to primary care dentists in both regions. Descriptive data were presented to quantify presentation rates and forms of management offered. Chi Squared analyses were used to test for differences in practice within and between the regions. Results The majority of dentists reported seeing 1 to 2 patients weekly with TMD and less than one new presentation each week. Symptoms were most often treated conservatively and with self-management according to international guidelines. The form of self-management varied however and verbal instructions were often not backed up by written information. Conclusions This research provides a useful starting point in understanding the presentation to, and initial treatment of TMD in primary care internationally. Further research could build on this work by including more countries and using more structured sampling methods. The work will be useful in understanding and planning early care pathways for people experiencing TMD.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Penlington C, Palmer J, Martinez-Telchi D, Durham J, Tobar-Lahosa V, Casals MJ, Oyarzo JF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation

Year: 2023

Volume: 51

Issue: 2

Pages: 241-246

Online publication date: 07/09/2023

Acceptance date: 18/08/2023

Date deposited: 18/08/2023

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2842

Publisher: Wiley


DOI: 10.1111/joor.13587

ePrints DOI: 10.57711/ygpf-3a79


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