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Populations of the Intertidal Crab Macrophthalmus banzai are Not Grouped by Latitude: Taiwan Population is Genetically Closer to the Populations in the Japanese Mainland Than the Ryukyu Islands

Lookup NU author(s): Tung-Yun Chen


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© 2023 Zoological Society of Japan. All rights reserved.Macrophthalmus banzai is an intertidal crab species of Macrophthalmidae inhabiting muddy tidal flats in the northwestern Pacific. A previous study on the population genetic structure of Japanese M. banzai based on the mitochondrial COI gene sequences revealed the presence of two genetically distinguished groups, i.e., the northern group (Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Islands) and the southern group (the Ryukyu Islands). In the present study, we newly determined the COI gene sequences of M. banzai collected from Taiwan and conducted population genetic analyses of these sequences together with Japanese sequences obtained from GenBank to reveal the genetic relationship of this species between Japan and Taiwan. The SAMOVA and pairwise φST analysis showed that the Taiwan population is more closely related to the northern group than the southern group. This indicates that the populations of M. banzai are not genetically differentiated by latitude but probably by the pathway of the Kuroshio Current, resulting in the isolation of the population in the Ryukyu Islands. Such a pattern is consistent with the population genetic structure of the fiddler crab Tubuca arcuata shown by a previous study, whereas the pattern differs from those of other intertidal invertebrates. The difference in the larval durations may have influenced the difference in population genetic structures among species. The present study provides a further case of the genetic structure of intertidal species that are not simply regulated by geographic distances. .

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kobayashi G, Abe H, Suzuki M, Okoshi K, Lin H-J, Chen T-Y, Sato-Okoshi W

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Zoological Science

Year: 2023

Volume: 40

Issue: 4

Pages: 278-283

Print publication date: 01/08/2023

Online publication date: 18/05/2023

Acceptance date: 20/02/2023

ISSN (print): 0289-0003

ISSN (electronic): 2212-3830

Publisher: Zoological Society of Japan


DOI: 10.2108/zs220117


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