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Synthesis of cyclic carbonates from CO2 cycloaddition to bio-based epoxides and glycerol: an overview of recent development

Lookup NU author(s): Abdul Rehman, Faisal Saleem, Aumber Abbas, Dr Valentine Eze, Professor Adam Harvey



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions contribute significantly to global warming and deplete fossil carbon resources, prompting a shift to bio-based raw materials. The two main technologies for reducing CO2 emissions are capturing and either storing or utilizing it. However, while capture and storage have high reduction potential, they lack economic feasibility. Conversely, by utilizing the CO2 captured from streams and air to produce valuable products, it can become an asset and curb greenhouse gas effects. CO2 is a challenging C1-building block due to its high kinetic inertness and thermodynamic stability, requiring high temperature and pressure conditions and a reactive catalytic system. Nonetheless, cyclic carbonate production by reacting epoxides and CO2 is a promising green and sustainable chemistry reaction, with enormous potential applications as an electrolyte in lithium-ion batteries, a green solvent, and a monomer in polycarbonate production. This review focuses on the most recent developments in the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from glycerol and bio-based epoxides, as well as efficient methods for chemically transforming CO2 using flow chemistry and novel reactor designs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Usman M, Rehman A, Saleem F, Abbas A, Eze VC, Harvey A

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: RSC Advances

Year: 2023

Volume: 13

Issue: 33

Pages: 22717-22743

Online publication date: 26/07/2023

Acceptance date: 04/07/2023

ISSN (electronic): 2046-2069

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry


DOI: 10.1039/d3ra03028h