Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Intracranial EEG Structure-Function Coupling and Seizure Outcomes After Epilepsy Surgery

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Peter TaylorORCiD


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


© 2023 American Academy of Neurology.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgery is an effective treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy, which modifies the brain's structure and networks to regulate seizure activity. Our objective was to examine the relationship between brain structure and function to determine the extent to which this relationship affects the success of the surgery in controlling seizures. We hypothesized that a stronger association between brain structure and function would lead to improved seizure control after surgery. METHODS: We constructed functional and structural brain networks in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy by using presurgery functional data from intracranial EEG (iEEG) recordings, presurgery and postsurgery structural data from T1-weighted MRI, and presurgery diffusion-weighted MRI. We quantified the relationship (coupling) between structural and functional connectivity by using the Spearman rank correlation and analyzed this structure-function coupling at 2 spatial scales: (1) global iEEG network level and (2) individual iEEG electrode contacts using virtual surgeries. We retrospectively predicted postoperative seizure freedom by incorporating the structure-function connectivity coupling metrics and routine clinical variables into a cross-validated predictive model. RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on data from 39 patients who met our inclusion criteria. Brain areas implanted with iEEG electrodes had stronger structure-function coupling in seizure-free patients compared with those with seizure recurrence (p = 0.002, d = 0.76, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = 0.78 [95% CI 0.62-0.93]). Virtual surgeries on brain areas that resulted in stronger structure-function coupling of the remaining network were associated with seizure-free outcomes (p = 0.007, d = 0.96, AUC = 0.73 [95% CI 0.58-0.89]). The combination of global and local structure-function coupling measures accurately predicted seizure outcomes with a cross-validated AUC of 0.81 (95% CI 0.67-0.94). These measures were complementary to other clinical variables and, when included for prediction, resulted in a cross-validated AUC of 0.91 (95% CI 0.82-1.0), accuracy of 92%, sensitivity of 93%, and specificity of 91%. DISCUSSION: Our study showed that the strength of structure-function connectivity coupling may play a crucial role in determining the success of epilepsy surgery. By quantitatively incorporating structure-function coupling measures and standard-of-care clinical variables into presurgical evaluations, we may be able to better localize epileptogenic tissue and select patients for epilepsy surgery. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This is a Class IV retrospective case series showing that structure-function mapping may help determine the outcome from surgical resection for treatment-resistant focal epilepsy.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sinha N, Duncan JS, Diehl B, Chowdhury FA, de Tisi J, Miserocchi A, McEvoy AW, Davis KA, Vos SB, Winston GP, Wang Y, Taylor PN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neurology

Year: 2023

Volume: 101

Issue: 13

Pages: e1293-e1306

Online publication date: 31/08/2023

Acceptance date: 02/06/2023

ISSN (print): 0028-3878

ISSN (electronic): 1526-632X

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health


DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000207661

PubMed id: 37652703


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric