Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Interventions to tackle health inequalities in cardiovascular risks for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations: a rapid review

Lookup NU author(s): Naswa Maulana, Dr Katie ThomsonORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


IntroductionCardiovascular disease (CVD) has shown significant health inequalities for people with low socioeconomic status associated with more risk factors. This review was to synthesize interventions that targeted CVD risks and outcomes among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations and to understand the impact associated with these interventions.Sources of dataCochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched for records published in the last decade using a systematic search strategy, complemented by screening the reference lists and citation indexes. Nineteen studies were included and a narrative synthesis with the effect direction plot was undertaken in which studies, interventions, participants and outcomes were examined according to the intervention type focusing on behaviours, lifestyle, education, medication and monitoring.Areas of agreementNo universal definition of disadvantaged socioeconomic status was used with common factors relating to racial/ethnic minorities, low income and low or no health insurance. Mixed effects of interventions were reported on clinical outcomes including weight, body mass index, blood pressure, glycated haemoglobin and cholesterol.Areas of controversyInconsistent effect was reported due to a large variety of settings, participants and intervention components although they are considered necessary to address the complex health needs of socioeconomically disadvantaged populations.Growing pointsThere is inadequate evidence to determine whether any of the intervention types are effective in optimising lipids management for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations.Areas timely for developing researchResearch is needed with mixed evidence using real world evaluation and lived experience combined with health economic evaluation, on both mental and physical health outcomes.lipid management, socioeconomically disadvantaged, cardiovascular disease, health inequalities, rapid review

Publication metadata

Author(s): Fu M, Yu Ge, Maulana N, Thomson K

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Medical Bulletin

Year: 2023

Online publication date: 18/09/2023

Acceptance date: 29/08/2023

Date deposited: 07/11/2023

ISSN (print): 0007-1420

ISSN (electronic): 1471-8391

Publisher: Oxford Academic


DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldad025


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name