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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Matthew RichmondORCiD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
This article explores the relationship between informal processes ofurbanisation and order-making at Brazil’s urban margins. It drawson research conducted in contrasting neighbourhoods in theperipheries of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, analysing theinfluence of different kinds of criminal organisation on theseareas. It is argued that the unpredictable processes surroundingperipheral urbanisation–the irregular occupation or subdivisionof land, the growth of diverse markets, physical consolidationand, in some cases, eventual formalisation–provide a dynamicbackdrop against which local order and disorder are produced.To theorise these interrelated processes, I mobilise the concept of‘pacification’. This is usually used to refer to violent stateinterventions against socially and racially marginalisedpopulations that are followed by measures designed to createmore lasting stability. However, I argue that, while it mayultimately have such effects, pacification should be understood asa provisional outcome of ongoing negotiations between stateand criminal actors rather than as a coherent, top-down project.
Author(s): Richmond MA
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Contemporary Social Science
Online publication date: 15/04/2021
Acceptance date: 16/03/2021
Date deposited: 11/11/2023
ISSN (print): 2158-2041
ISSN (electronic): 2158-205X
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