Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Risk assessment for marine ecosystem-based management (EBM)

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Fabrice StephensonORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022 The Authors. Conservation Science and Practice published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology.Ecosystem-based management (EBM) is a holistic way to manage the marine environment, involving partnerships between people and the recognition of ecological complexity. As we progress towards EBM, risk assessments must move beyond an evaluation of the direct impacts of a single stressor on a species or habitat. Here, we propose 12 risk assessment criteria that explicitly reflect the principles of EBM. These criteria include the need to assess risk to multiple ecosystem components and values, evaluate place and time-specific ecological complexity, evaluate recovery, accommodate different knowledge types and communicate uncertainty. Contemporary risk assessment approaches rarely meet all 12 criteria and whilst many approaches could be adapted to do so, some are more easily modified than others. Risk assessment approaches that meet our criteria have the greatest potential to support decision-making in an EBM context and thereby safeguard our marine environments and their values for future generations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Clark DE, Gladstone-Gallagher RV, Hewitt JE, Stephenson F, Ellis JI

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Conservation Science and Practice

Year: 2022

Volume: 4

Issue: 3

Print publication date: 01/03/2022

Online publication date: 04/02/2022

Acceptance date: 17/01/2022

Date deposited: 23/11/2023

ISSN (electronic): 2578-4854

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc


DOI: 10.1111/csp2.12636


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric