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Micromonospora parastrephiae sp. nov. and Micromonospora tarensis sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of a Parastrephia quadrangularis plant growing in the Salar de Tara region of the Central Andes in Chile

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Valeria Razmilic Neira, Dr Imen Nouioui, Dr Lorena Carro Garcia, Professor Michael Goodfellow



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023 The Authors. Two novel Micromonospora strains, STR1-7T and STR1S-6T, were isolated from the rhizosphere of a Parastrephia quadran-gularis plant growing in the Salar de Tara region of the Atacama Desert, Chile. Chemotaxonomic, cultural and phenotypic features confirmed that the isolates belonged to the genus Micromonospora. They grew from 20 to 37 °C, from pH7 to 8 and in the presence of up to 3 %, w/v NaCl. The isolates formed distinct branches in Micromonospora gene trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and on a multi-locus sequence analysis of conserved house-keeping genes. A phylogenomic tree generated from the draft genomes of the isolates and their closest phylogenetic neighbours showed that isolate STR1-7T is most closely related to Micromonospora orduensis S2509T, and isolate STR1S-6T forms a distinct branch that is most closely related to 12 validly named Micromonospora species, including Micromonospora saelicesensis the earliest proposed member of the group. The isolates were separated from one another and from their closest phylogenomic neighbours using a combination of chemo-taxonomic, genomic and phenotypic features, and by low average nucleotide index and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values. Consequently, it is proposed that isolates STR1-7T and STR1S-6T be recognized as representing new species in the genus Micromonospora, namely as Micromonospora parastrephiae sp. nov. and Micromonospora tarensis sp. nov.; the type strains are STR1-7T (=CECT 9665T=LMG 30768T) and STR1S-6T (=CECT 9666T=LMG 30770T), respectively. Genome mining showed that the isolates have the capacity to produce novel specialized metabolites, notably antibiotics and compounds that promote plant growth, as well as a broad-range of stress-related genes that provide an insight into how they cope with harsh abiotic conditions that prevail in high-altitude Atacama Desert soils.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Razmilic V, Nouioui I, Karlyshev A, Jawad R, Trujillo ME, Igual JM, Andrews BA, Asenjo JA, Carro L, Goodfellow M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Year: 2023

Volume: 73

Issue: 12

Online publication date: 07/12/2023

Acceptance date: 21/11/2023

Date deposited: 18/12/2023

ISSN (print): 1466-5026

ISSN (electronic): 1466-5034

Publisher: Microbiology Society


DOI: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006189

PubMed id: 38059605


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Funder referenceFunder name
Newton Fund