Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Review of next generation hydrogen production from offshore wind using water electrolysis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Daniel NiblettORCiD, Mostafa DelpishehORCiD, Dr Ramakrishnan ShanmugamORCiD, Professor Mohamed MamloukORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023 The Author(s)Hydrogen produced using renewable energy from offshore wind provides a versatile method of energy storage and power-to-gas concepts. However, few dedicated floating offshore electrolyser facilities currently exist and therefore conditions of the offshore environment on hydrogen production cost and efficiency remain uncertain. Therefore, this review focuses on the conversion of electrical energy to hydrogen, using water electrolysis located in offshore areas. The challenges associated with the remote locations, fluctuating power and harsh conditions are highlighted and recommendations for future electrolysis system designs are suggested. The latest research in polymer electrolyte membrane, alkaline and membraneless electrolysis are evaluated in order to understand their capital costs, efficiency and current research status for achieving scaled manufacturing to the GW scale required in the next three decades. Operating fundamentals that govern the performance of each device are investigated and future recommendations of research specifically for the integration of water electrolysers with offshore wind turbines is presented.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Niblett D, Delpisheh M, Ramakrishnan S, Mamlouk M

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Power Sources

Year: 2024

Volume: 592

Print publication date: 01/02/2024

Online publication date: 08/12/2023

Acceptance date: 25/11/2023

ISSN (print): 0378-7753

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2755

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.


DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.233904