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Continuous Subcutaneous Foslevodopa/Foscarbidopa in Parkinson’s Disease: Safety and Efficacy Results From a 12-Month, Single-Arm, Open-Label, Phase 3 Study

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Camille CarrollORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


© 2023, The Author(s). Introduction: Foslevodopa/foscarbidopa, a soluble formulation of levodopa/carbidopa (LD/CD) prodrugs for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD), is administered as a 24-hour/day continuous subcutaneous infusion (CSCI) with a single infusion site. The efficacy and safety of foslevodopa/foscarbidopa versus oral immediate-release LD/CD was previously demonstrated in patients with PD in a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, phase 3 trial (NCT04380142). We report the results of a separate 52-week, open-label, phase 3 registrational trial (NCT03781167) that evaluated the safety/tolerability and efficacy of 24-hour/day foslevodopa/foscarbidopa CSCI in patients with advanced PD. Methods: Male and female patients with levodopa-responsive PD and ≥ 2.5 hours of “Off” time/day received 24-hour/day foslevodopa/foscarbidopa CSCI at individually optimized therapeutic doses (approximately 700–4250 mg of LD per 24 hours) for 52 weeks. The primary endpoint was safety/tolerability. Secondary endpoints included changes from baseline in normalized “Off” and “On” time, percentage of patients reporting morning akinesia, Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS), Parkinson’s Disease Sleep Scale–2 (PDSS-2), 39-item Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), and EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L). Results: Of 244 enrolled patients, 107 discontinued, and 137 completed treatment. Infusion site events were the most common adverse events (AEs). AEs were mostly nonserious (25.8% of patients reported serious AEs) and mild/moderate in severity. At week 52, “On” time without troublesome dyskinesia and “Off” time were improved from baseline (mean [standard deviation (SD)] change in normalized “On” time without troublesome dyskinesia, 3.8 [3.3] hours; normalized “Off” time, −3.5 [3.1] hours). The percentage of patients experiencing morning akinesia dropped from 77.7% at baseline to 27.8% at week 52. Sleep quality (PDSS-2) and quality of life (PDQ-39 and EQ-5D-5L) also improved. Conclusion: Foslevodopa/foscarbidopa has the potential to provide a safe and efficacious, individualized, 24-hour/day, nonsurgical alternative for patients with PD. Trial Registration Number: identifier NCT03781167.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Aldred J, Freire-Alvarez E, Amelin AV, Antonini A, Bergmans B, Bergquist F, Bouchard M, Budur K, Carroll C, Chaudhuri KR, Criswell SR, Danielsen EH, Gandor F, Jia J, Kimber TE, Mochizuki H, Robieson WZ, Spiegel AM, Standaert DG, Talapala S, Facheris MF, Fung VSC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neurology and Therapy

Year: 2023

Volume: 12

Issue: 6

Pages: 1937-1958

Print publication date: 01/12/2023

Online publication date: 26/08/2023

Acceptance date: 07/08/2023

Date deposited: 30/01/2024

ISSN (print): 2193-8253

ISSN (electronic): 2193-6536

Publisher: Adis


DOI: 10.1007/s40120-023-00533-1


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