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Systems modelling predicts chronic inflammation and genomic instability prevent effective mitochondrial regulation during biological ageing

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Alvaro Martinez Guimera, Dr Peter Clark, Dr James Wordsworth, Dr Daryl Shanley



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


The regulation of mitochondrial turnover under conditions of stress occurs partly through the AMPK-NAD+-PGC1α-SIRT1 signalling pathway. This pathway can be affected by both genomic instability and chronic inflammation since these will result in an increased rate of NAD+ degradation through PARP1 and CD38 respectively. In this work we develop a computational model of this signalling pathway, calibrating and validating it against experimental data. The computational model is used to study mitochondrial turnover under conditions of stress and how it is affected by genomic instability, chronic inflammation and biological ageing in general. We report that the AMPK-NAD+-PGC1α-SIRT1 signalling pathway becomes less responsive with age and that this can prime for the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Martinez-Guimera A, Clark P, Wordsworth J, Anugula S, Rasmussen LJ, Shanley DP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Experimental Gerontology

Year: 2022

Volume: 166

Print publication date: 01/09/2022

Online publication date: 07/07/2022

Acceptance date: 04/07/2022

Date deposited: 08/03/2024

ISSN (print): 0531-5565

ISSN (electronic): 1873-6815

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.exger.2022.111889


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Funder referenceFunder name
NC/S001050/1National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals NC3R
Novo Nordisk fonden Denmark
NNF17OC0027812Novo Nordisk Foundation