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Analysis of the enabling environment for delivering land degradation neutrality in Nigeria: perspectives from the sub-national to local level

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Cynthia Olumba, Professor Guy Garrod, Dr Francisco ArealORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


The discourse around the planning, monitoring, and assessment of land degradation neutrality (LDN) has been communicated strongly on global and national scales; however, there is relatively little information on the enabling environment that will support the achievement of LDN targets locally. Recognising the dearth of studies that apply the LDN concept at the local scale, this study investigated local stakeholders’ perspectives on the progress towards, and challenges around, establishing the enabling environment for achieving LDN. It developed and used an extended LDN enabler framework that incorporates the gender component of LDN. The data for this study were collected from stakeholders from sub-national and local institutions concerned with LDN in Nigeria. The study findings indicate the presence of several relevant institutions and policy instruments to support progress towards LDN. However, this did not create an enabling environment for land users due to the lack of sufficient funding, weak systemic capacities of the relevant institutions, and the operational challenges for delivering policy incentives. Moreover, shortcomings in the regulatory framework give rise to land tenure insecurity and gender-biased land administration systems. Also, the findings indicate that entrenched traditional norms are a major challenge in achieving gender-balanced LDN outcomes. The extended LDN-enabler framework developed in this study will extend the scope of future studies examining progress toward LDN at regional and local scales.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Olumba CN, Garrod GD, Areal F, Proctor A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management

Year: 2024

Pages: epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 16/02/2024

Acceptance date: 26/01/2024

Date deposited: 29/02/2024

ISSN (print): 0964-0568

ISSN (electronic): 1360-0559

Publisher: Taylor and Francis


DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2024.2312446


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