Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The Role of Friends Groups in the Development and Management of Parks

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Maggie RoeORCiD


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


In the UK, community involvement in environmental design and management has become increasingly important and encouraged by Government through grant schemes which require the participation of the local community. Many local authorities are now working with Friends Groups, which are voluntary groups for park development and management. In a study established to investigate the role of Friends Groups it was found that such groups act not as a supplier of resources but they contribute to the broadening base of decision-making through the empowerment of the community. This study classifies the roles of Friends Groups into four main types: supporter of resources, acting as a pressure group, acting as intermediary and acting as facilitator for empowerment of the community. Based on these classifications, a case study based in the North East of England is discussed. The catalyst of the action was the resistance to proposed park change. Although the Friends of Leazes Park played all four roles during the restoration of the park, their present role is one of management restricted to the supplier of resources, so the organisation has failed to continue to empower the community.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kim Y-K, Roe M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Landscape Review

Year: 2008

Volume: 12

Issue: 2

Pages: 32-49

Print publication date: 01/01/2008

ISSN (print): 1173-3853

Publisher: School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University