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Distinct Sequences in the Cytoplasmic Domain of Complement Receptor 2 Are Involved in Antigen Internalization and Presentation

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Andrew Knight


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B cells express randomly rearranged surface Ig that forms part of a multiprotein complex known as the B cell receptor (BCR). Recognition of Ag via this receptor results in its capture, internalization, proteolysis and presentation to CD4(+) T cells. The recognition of Ag by CD4(+) T cells is critical for the selection of individual B cells, leading to the eventual secretion of a high affinity version of the BCR as an effective circulating Ab. B cells also express other receptors that recognize Ags associated with components of innate immunity. One of these receptors, CR2, binds Ags coated with activated complement components. Studies have shown that cross-linking CR2 and the BCR with complement-tagged Ags leads to enhanced Ag presentation by B cells. In addition, Ags targeted to B cell CR2 in the absence of BCR coligation are also efficiently presented to T cells. In this report, we identify several distinct sequences within the cytoplasmic domain of mouse CR2 (mCR2) that are essential for mCR2-mediated Ag presentation in both the presence and the absence of BCR cross-linking. The finding that distinct sequences in the cytoplasmic domain of mCR2 are essential for BCR-independent Ag presentation leads us to propose a novel role for CR2.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Knight AM; Barrault DV

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Immunology

Year: 2004

Volume: 172

Issue: 6

Pages: 3509-3517

ISSN (print): 0022-1767

ISSN (electronic): 1550-6606

Publisher: American Association of Immunologists