Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The treatment of temporomandibular disorders with stabilizing splints in general dental practice: One-year follow-up

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Robert Wassell, Nigel Adams


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated temporomandibular disorder (TMD) outcomes in general dental practice one year after treatment with stabilizing splints (SS) or nonoccluding control splints (CS). METHODS: Seventy-two randomly allocated subjects completed initial treatment. The outcomes measures were a pain visual analog scale (VAS), muscle tenderness, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) tenderness, interincisal opening, TMJ clicks and headaches. After initial treatment, 81 percent of the subjects were found to have been treated satisfactorily. The dentists referred the remaining subjects to a dental hospital. At one year, the authors recalled 52 of the original subjects for evaluation. RESULTS: Improvements after initial treatment were maintained at one year for all outcomes, except for TMJ clicking, which returned to pretreatment levels. Eighty-one percent of the subjects rated their treatment as either good or excellent in reducing jaw pain. The authors found that subjects were aware of more of their TMJ clicks than dentists observed at the one-year clinical examination, but most subjects thought their clicking or the associated pain had been reduced. Fifty-five percent subjects had used their splints in the previous six months, but only 31 percent of these had done so daily. There were no significant differences between splint groups. CONCLUSION: At one year, a good response to TMD treatment in general practice had been maintained, but many subjects still had clicking TMJs. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Trained dentists can manage TMD satisfactorily, with only a small proportion of patients needing specialist attention.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Wassell RW, Adams N, Kelly PJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of the American Dental Association

Year: 2006

Volume: 137

Issue: 8

Pages: 1089-1098

Print publication date: 01/08/2006

ISSN (print): 0002-8177

ISSN (electronic): 1943-4723

Publisher: American Dental Association


Notes: 0002-8177 (Print) Journal Article