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Mechanisms of disease: the complement system in renal injury - new ways of looking at an old foe

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Neil Sheerin

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Abstract

The fact that the complement system is activated during immune-complex glomerular disease has been known for nearly 50 years. Detection of complement deposition in the glomerulus using immunochemistry has become an important element of the histological analysis of renal biopsies, and is key to the diagnosis of many types of glomerulonephritis. In recent years it has become evident that complement activation is involved in the pathogenesis of other types of renal disease; complement activation is implicated in transplant injury, atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Emergence of this evidence has provided insight into how these diseases develop, and has yielded useful diagnostic tools and potential targets for therapeutic intervention. Clinicians have, by using plasma-based therapies, unknowingly treated abnormalities of the complement system in renal patients for many years. Advances in antibody and protein technologies have led to the development of complement inhibitors that have been used in phase III clinical studies. More-specific agents and applications are likely to be developed over the coming years and are discussed in this Review.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Brown KM, Sacks SH, Sheerin NS

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Nature Clinical Practice Nephrology

Year: 2007

Volume: 3

Issue: 5

Pages: 277-286

ISSN (print): 1745-8323

ISSN (electronic): 1745-8331

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncpneph0465

DOI: 10.1038/ncpneph0465

Notes: Journal Article England


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