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Contribution of renal secreted complement C3 to the circulating pool in humans

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Neil Sheerin

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Abstract

Complement C3 produced within the kidney may be an important mediator of local inflammatory and immunological injury. The overall level of renal C3 production and consequently its contribution to the total circulating C3 level are, however, unknown. This was investigated by using the conversion of C3 from recipient to donor allotype following renal transplantation. The C3 F and S allotypes of 80 consecutive renal donor-recipient pairs (148 individuals) were determined by amplification refractory mutation system analysis. The extent of allotype conversion in C3 F/S mismatched recipients was quantified at different stages after transplantation, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay specific for the HAV 4-1 polymorphism of C3 that is strongly associated with C3F. Twenty-one of the eighty recipients were potentially informative, i.e., were C3 SS recipients of C3 FF or FS donor kidneys. In the early postoperative period, donor-derived C3 (HAV 4-1-positive) was undetectable, increasing to 9.6% of the total circulating C3 at times of acute allograft rejection. When graft dysfunction occurred from causes other than rejection, donor C3 remained undetectable. After stable graft function was attained (3-13 mo after transplantation), donor C3 made up 4.5% of the total circulating C3 pool. Our findings demonstrate that human transplant kidney in the resting state is a significant source of extrahepatic C3. Its heightened local synthesis during rejection episodes suggests a possible pathogenic role for C3 in this immunological process.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Sheerin NS; Tang S; Zhou W; Vaughan RW; Sacks SH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Immunology

Year: 1999

Volume: 162

Issue: 7

Pages: 4336-4341

Print publication date: 01/04/1999

ISSN (print): 0022-1767

ISSN (electronic): 1550-6606

Publisher: American Association of Immunologists

URL: http://www.jimmunol.org/content/162/7/4336

Notes: Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United states 1950)


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