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Analogies Between Dark Solitons in Atomic Bose-Einstein Condensates and Optical Systems

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Nikolaos ProukakisORCiD


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Dark solitons have been observed in optical systems (optical fibres, dielectric guides and bulk media), and, more recently, in harmonically confined atomic Bose–Einstein condensates. This paper presents an overview of some of the common features and analogies experienced by these two intrinsically nonlinear systems, with emphasis on the stability of dark solitons in such systems and their decay via emission of radiation. The closely related issue of vortex dynamics in such systems is also briefly discussed.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Proukakis NP, Parker DJ, Frantzeskakis NG, Adams CS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics

Year: 2004

Volume: 6

Issue: 5

ISSN (print): 1464-4266

ISSN (electronic): 1741-3575

Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1088/1464-4266/6/5/028


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