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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Robert James
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Somatostatin peptide analogs have revolutionized the medical treatment of patients with acromegaly. More recent deep intramuscular depot preparations have further improved control, with consistent suppression of growth hormone secretion and optimal lowering of insulin-like growth factor-1. Effective control of growth hormone should, with long-term use, reduce morbidity and mortality from acromegaly and has been shown to result in partial involution of the pituitary adenoma in the majority of treated patients. The currently available depot formulations allow for an injection frequency of 14 days (lanreotide LA 30mg) to 28 days (octreotide LAR 20mg)according to the manufacturers' recommendations. In clinical practice, dose titration by evaluating a growth hormone day profile prior to the next injection can extend the interval between injection (to 6 or even 8 weeks in certain individuals). This is especially true for octreotide LAR, which also has increased flexibility rega! > rding dosage with a 10 and 30mg preparation. The annual 'drug cost' is broadly similar between the two formulations though the additional expenditure on nurse time and clinic visits incurred by an increased injection frequency is a significant consideration. Decreased injection frequency improves acceptability for the patient without a loss in treatment efficacy. A subjective return of typical acromegalic symptoms, such as sweating and headache, also seem to be useful in predicting the timing of the next injection. Other formulations and doses of lanreotide are currently being evaluated, but more interestingly, newer analogs with greater efficacy at the type 5 somatostatin receptor subtype, and pan-receptor analogs, are being developed. These peptides, in conjunction with the likely availability of a growth hormone receptor blocking agent (pegvisomant), will further expand the medical therapy options for patients with acromegaly.
Author(s): James RA; Gilroy JJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Trends in Endocrinology
ISSN (print): 1175-6349
ISSN (electronic): 1177-4940
Publisher: Adis International Ltd.
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