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An empirical study of estimating vehicle emissions under cordon and distance based road user charging in Leeds, UK

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Anil Namdeo



This paper presents the impact of road user charging (RUC) on vehicle emissions through application of traffic assignment and pollutant emission models. It presents results of an analysis of five RUC schemes on vehicle emissions in Leeds, UK for 2005. The schemes were: a 3 pound inner ring road cordoncharge; a double cordon with a 2 pound inner ring road and a 1 pound outer ring road charge; and distance charges of 2, 10 and 20 p/km levied for travel within the outer cordon. Schemes were compared to a no charge option and results presented here. Emissions are significantly reduced within the inner cordon, whilst beyond the cordon, localised increases and decreases occur. The double cordon exhibits a similar but less marked pattern. Distance charging reduces city-wide emissions by 10% under a 2 p/km charge, 42-49% under a 10 p/km charge and 52-59% under a 20 p/km charge. The higher distance charges reduce emissions within the charge zone, and are also associated with elevated emissions outside the zone, but to a lesser extent than that observed for cordon charging.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Namdeo A, Mitchell G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Year: 2008

Volume: 136

Issue: 1-3

Pages: 45-51

Date deposited: 12/04/2011

ISSN (print): 0167-6369

ISSN (electronic): 1573-2959

Publisher: Springer Netherlands


DOI: 10.1007/s10661-007-9719-x

Notes: 234JJ Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:19


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