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Microscopic treatment of binary interactions in the nonequilibrium dynamics of partially Bose-condensed trapped gases

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Nikolaos ProukakisORCiD


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In this paper we use microscopic arguments to derive a nonlinear Schrödinger equation for trapped Bose-condensed gases. This is made possible by considering the equations of motion of various anomalous averages. The resulting equation explicitly includes the effect of repeated binary interactions (in particular ladders) between the atoms. Moreover, under the conditions where dressing of the intermediate states of a collision can be ignored, this equation is shown to reduce to the conventional Gross-Pitaevskii equation in the pseudopotential limit. Extending the treatment, we show first how the occupation of excited (bare particle) states affects the collisions, and thus obtain the many-body T-matrix approximation in a trap. In addition, we discuss how the bare particle many-body T matrix gets dressed by mean fields due to condensed and excited atoms. We conclude that the most commonly used version of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation can only be put on a microscopic basis for a restrictive range of conditions. For partial condensation, we need to take account of interactions between condensed and excited atoms, which, in a consistent formulation, should also be expressed in terms of the many-body T matrix. This can be achieved by considering fluctuations around the condensate mean field beyond those included in the conventional finite temperature mean field, i.e., Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov, theory.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Proukakis NP, Burnett K, Stoof HTC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

Year: 1998

Volume: 57

Issue: 2

Pages: 1230-1247

Print publication date: 01/02/1998

ISSN (print): 1050-2947

ISSN (electronic): 1094-1622

Publisher: American Physical Society


DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.57.1230


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