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Nose rings influence feeding efficiency in pigs

Lookup NU author(s): Emerita Professor Sandra Edwards


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Nose-rings are often fitted to outdoor commercial pigs to inhibit rooting and reduce consequent pasture damage.During ethological observations of the behaviour of ringed pigs at pasture, subjective impressions suggested thatpigs with nose-rings picked up their normal feed, in the form of large nuts (‘roll nuts’), more tentatively thanunringed pigs. The observed pigs were gestating sows under one of three treatments: unringed controls (UR),multiple wire ‘clip-rings’ through the upper rim of the snout (CR), or rigid ‘bull-rings’ through the nasal septum(BR). For formal assessment of feeding efficiency eight randomly selected pigs from each condition were timed and video-recorded, in individual feeder stalls, as they ate 20 3-cm long roll-nuts laid out in a standard rectilinear array in a steel-sided tray under each of five conditions: on a hard surface, on the surface of soil, on the surface of turf, embedded in soil, or embedded in turf. All groups took longer to eat up their test meal from the plain surface than from the surfaces of either soil or turf and longer still when the nuts were embedded. In all conditions, ringed pigs took longer to eat their 20 nuts than did controls, with BR > CR > UR (overall mean times, pooling data from thedifferent feeding conditions: 118·6, 69·9 and 56·7 s respectively: P< 0·001). The difference between groups was greatest when nuts were embedded. Also, when nuts were embedded, ringed pigs were more reluctant to root: the latency to their first rooting action was delayed (mean latency across both embedded’ conditions: 29·6, 87·9 and 106·8 s for UR, CR and BR pigs, respectively:P< 0·01 with soil and turf conditions combined) and, even afterstarting, a smaller proportion of the residual trial time was spent rooting (0·11, 0·27 and 0·62 of the total time by BR, CR and UR pigs respectively; P < 0·001). It is concluded that nose-ringing depresses the efficiency with which pigs feed on solid food, especially if they have to root for it. The threat to welfare inherent in this will be greatest when ringed pigs are in direct competition with unringed pigs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Horrell I, Ness PA, Edwards SA, Riddoch I

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Animal Science

Year: 2000

Volume: 71

Pages: 259-264

Publisher: British Society of Animal Science