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Lookup NU author(s): Sarah Reid,
Professor Bernard Connolly
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Oligonucleotides labeled with hexachlorofluorescein (hex) have enabled the interaction of the restriction endonuclease EcoRV with DNA to be evaluated using fluorescence anisotropy. The sensitivity of hex allowed measurements at oligonucleotide concentrations as low as 1 nM, enabling K(D) values in the low nanomolar range to be measured. Both direct titration, i.e., addition of increasing amounts of the endonuclease to hex-labeled oligonucleotides, and displacement titration, i.e., addition of unlabeled oligonucleotide to preformed hex-oligonucleotide/EcoRV endonuclease complexes, have been used for K(D) determination. Displacement titration is the method of choice; artifacts due to any direct interaction of the enzyme with the dye are eliminated, and higher fluorescent-labeled oligonucleotide concentrations may be used, improving signal-to-noise ratio. Using this approach (with three different oligonucleotides) we found that the EcoRV restriction endonuclease showed a preference of between 1.5 and 6.5 for its GATATC target sequence at pH 7.5 and 100 mM NaCl, when the divalent cation Ca2+ is absent. As expected, both the presence of Ca2+ and a decrease in pH value stimulated the binding of specific sequences but had much less effect on nonspecific ones.
Author(s): Reid SL; Connolly BA; Parry D; Liu H-H
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 0006-2960
ISSN (electronic): 1520-4995
Publisher: American Chemical Society
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