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Identification and Analysis of Policies to Promote Investment in Research in Nine non-EU Countries

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Marina Ranga, Professor Henry Etzkowitz


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This report summarises the findings of the five-month project ‘Identification and analysis of policies to promote investment in research in non-EU countries’, which aimed at improving the understanding of key developments and trends regarding research investment policy in nine non-EU countries (Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea and the US) and drawing conclusions relevant to the Lisbon strategy in support of research policy-making. The specific objective of the contract was to identify the lessons that EU policy makers can draw from research investment policy developments elsewhere and the impact which the research strategies of major non-EU countries can have on their own competitive position and that of the EU. The project management was ensured by the Newcastle University Triple Helix Group, which established a 21-people international project team consisting of high-level experts in R&D and innovation policies, working in close collaboration with the ERAWATCH Network Office in Brussels and the IPTS team in Seville. The EU’s goal of increasing R&D expenditure to 3% of the GDP, is reflected, although with no set quantitative targets in the countries examined, in a universal concern about the level of R&D spending and even more importantly, about the translation of research results into economic utility. Although the increase of R&D expenditure to levels around 3% has been adopted as an EU goal, it is still short of realisation; there is no figure that is generally recognized as sufficient, let alone as too much. In such circumstances, deficits in human resources (e.g. USA, Japan) are perceived to be the problem and measures are instituted both to increase brain gain from abroad and to expand representation of under-represented groups in S&T, such as women and minorities. In this report, research investment policies in the nine countries of concern have been examined from four main perspectives that reflect the structure of the EU’s 3% Action Plan: a) research policy coordination; b) public support to research and innovation; c) redirecting public spending towards research and innovation; and d) improving framework conditions for private investment in research.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ranga LM, Etzkowitz H

Publication type: Report

Publication status: Published

Series Title:

Type: Final Synthesis Report

Year: 2007

Print publication date: 30/05/2007

Source Publication Date: 30 May 2007

Institution: IPTS Seville/EC DG Research