Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Conceptualizing social exclusion in rural Britain

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Mark Shucksmith OBE



Most studies of living conditions in rural areas have offered essentially static snapshots. Social exclusion is a multi-dimensional, dynamic concept which emphasizes the processes of change through which individuals or groups are excluded from the mainstream of society and their life-chances reduced. This article considers social exclusion in the context of the principal forces operating on and within rural areas of Britain, including global restructuring and the changing role of the State and supra-national institutions. A framework of four systems of social exclusion and inclusion is proposed, following Reimer (personal communication, 1998), according to the means by which resources and status are allocated in society. This is used to structure a presentation of the results of several recent empirical studies which provide evidence of the processes and system failures lying behind social exclusion in rural Britain. A number of research issues are identified concerning how these processes vary between areas, how they connect to the broader forces operating at macro and meso levels, and how local action is associated with attempts to resist social exclusion.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Phillip LJ, Shucksmith DM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Planning Studies

Year: 2003

Volume: 11

Issue: 4

Pages: 461-480

Print publication date: 01/06/2003

Date deposited: 03/12/2007

ISSN (print): 0965-4313

ISSN (electronic): 1469-5944

Publisher: Routledge


DOI: 10.1080/09654310303646


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric