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Ifosfamide nephrotoxicity: Limited influence of metabolism and mode of administration during repeated therapy in paediatrics

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alan Boddy, Professor Andrew Pearson, Professor Roderick Skinner


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This study investigated the relationship between both acute and chronic nephrotoxic effects of ifosfamide (IFO) and its metabolism. 15 paediatric patients (4 girls) were investigated. Each received 6-9 g/m2 IFO over 15 days, repeated every 3 weeks for up to 16 courses. The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of IFO were measured during its administration, either as a continuous 72 h infusion or as three bolus doses of 3 g/m2 on consecutive days. In 8 patients, the metabolism of IFO was investigated during one early course and one late course to determine the magnitude of any changes following repeated administration. Acute measures of renal toxicity were not correlated with any of the IFO pharmacokinetic or metabolic parameters in the same course, whether the drug was administered as a bolus or by continuous infusion. Chronic renal toxicity, determined 1 month (n = 13) or 6 months (n = 8) after treatment, did not correlate with any of the IFO pharmacokinetic or metabolic parameters in any individual course of treatment. The overall degree of nephrotoxicity, however, was correlated with the changes in metabolism between late and early courses (n = 8). There was a negative correlation between the change in area under the curve of the dechloroethylated metabolites of IFO and the overall nephrotoxicity at 1 month or 6 months after treatment (both r2 = 0.66, P = 0.014). The results imply that patients in whom metabolism via dechloroethylation decreases are at a greater risk of chronic nephrotoxicity. This is contrary to the hypothesis that the systemic production of chloroacetaldehyde is the mechanism by which IFO causes nephrotoxicity. The importance of acute and chronic changes in renal function for long-term outcome remains to be determined.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Boddy, A. V., English, M., Pearson, A. D. J, Idle, J., Skinner, R.

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Cancer Part A

Year: 1996

Volume: 32

Issue: 7

Pages: 1179-1184

Print publication date: 01/06/1996

ISSN (print): 0959-8049

ISSN (electronic): 1879-0852


DOI: 10.1016/0959-8049(96)00019-6

PubMed id: 8758250


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