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Transition to normal fluid turbulence in Helium II

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Carlo Barenghi


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Turbulence in the heat flow of helium II manifests itself as a tangle of quantized vortex lines. It has been known for some time that there are two different forms of turbulence, called the T-1 and the T-2 turbulent states. Experiments show that when a critical velocity is exceeded there is a large increase of the superfluid vortex line density and a transition occurs from T-1 to T-2. Until now, the nature of the two turbulent states and of the critical velocity has been a mystery. We present a model which solves this problem by addressing for the first time the issue of the stability of the normal fluid. The computed transition is found to be in good agreement with the observations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Melotte DJ, Barenghi CF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review Letters

Year: 1998

Volume: 80

Issue: 19

Pages: 4181-4184

Print publication date: 01/01/1998

ISSN (print): 0031-9007

ISSN (electronic): 1079-7114

Publisher: American Physical Society


DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.4181


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