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Frequency and nature of cytokine gene polymorphisms in type 1 autoimmune hepatitis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sharon Cookson, Dr Peter Donaldson


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Genetic involvement in type 1 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is indicated by a marked female preponderance and strong, well-established, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) associations. These associations, however, are not universal and a number of genes outside the major histocompatibility complex may also play a role in susceptibility to type 1 AIH. Prime candidates at present are those polymorphic genes encoding the proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate, for the first time, 2 members of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) family (IL-1B and IL-1RN), 3 polymorphic sites in the interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter (positions -1082, -819, and -592), and 2 polymorphisms in the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) promoter (positions -308 and -238) in type 1 AIH. The study was performed on 2 independently collected DNA banks, each with appropriate controls, and throughout the analysis associations described in the first set were confirmed in the second set. Standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based genotyping techniques were used. Overall there were no significant differences in the distributions of the IL-1B and IL-10 alleles, genotypes, or haplotypes in either study set. In contrast we report a significant association between type 1 AIH and TNF*2 (first set: 34% of controls vs. 49% of patients, Pc = .014 and second set: 26% vs. 56%, P = .00008). However, TNF*2 is found in strong linkage disequilibrium with the HLA A1-B8-DR3 haplotype and stratification analysis indicates that the association with TNF*2 is interdependent with HLA DRB1*0301. This is an indication that there is more than one susceptibility allele for type 1 AIH on chromosome 6p21.3.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Cookson S, Constantini PK, Clare M, Underhill JA, Bernal W, Czaja AJ, Donaldson PT

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Hepatology

Year: 1999

Volume: 30

Issue: 4

Pages: 851-856

Print publication date: 01/10/1999

ISSN (print): 0270-9139

ISSN (electronic): 1527-3350

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


DOI: 10.1002/hep.510300412

PubMed id: 10498633


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