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Metabolite Control Overrides Circadian Regulation of Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase Kinase and CO2 Fixation in Crassulacean Acid Metabolism

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Anne Borland


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Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPc) catalyzes the primary fixation of CO2 in Crassulacean acid metabolism plants. Flux through the enzyme is regulated by reversible phosphorylation. PEPc kinase is controlled by changes in the level of its translatable mRNA in response to a circadian rhythm. The physiological significance of changes in the levels of PEPc-kinase-translatable mRNA and the involvement of metabolites in control of the kinase was investigated by subjecting Kalanchoe daigremontiana leaves to anaerobic conditions at night to modulate the magnitude of malate accumulation, or to a rise in temperature at night to increase the efflux of malate from vacuole to cytosol. Changes in CO2 fixation and PEPc kinase activity reflected those in kinase mRNA. The highest rates of CO2 fixation and levels of kinase mRNA were observed in leaves subjected to anaerobic treatment for the first half of the night and then transferred to ambient air. In leaves subjected to anaerobic treatment overnight and transferred to ambient air at the start of the day, PEPc-kinase-translatable mRNA and activity, the phosphorylation state of PEPc, and fixation of atmospheric CO2 were significantly higher than those for control leaves for the first 3 h of the light period. A nighttime temperature increase from 19°C to 27°C led to a rapid reduction in kinase mRNA and activity; however, this was not observed in leaves in which malate accumulation had been prevented by anaerobic treatment. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that a high concentration of malate reduces both kinase mRNA and the accumulation of the kinase itself.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Borland AM; Hartwell J; Jenkins GI; Wilkins MB; Nimmo HG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Plant Physiology

Year: 1999

Volume: 121

Issue: 3

Pages: 889-896

Print publication date: 01/11/1999

ISSN (print): 0032-0889

ISSN (electronic): 1532-2548

Publisher: American Society of Plant Physiologists


DOI: 10.1104/pp.121.3.889


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