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The measurement of three dimensional scapulohumeral kinematics - a study of reliability

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Garth Johnson


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Objective: To validate a system, using electromagnetic movement sensors, for the simultaneous measurement of scapular and humeral positions. Design: The study was designed to analyse the repeatability and to quantify the inherent measurement errors, using two observers to measure the movements of five normal subjects. Background: Following an earlier study of a system to measure three dimensional scapula motion, the method has been developed to incorporate simultaneous measurement of humeral and scapular position using a new design of scapula locator and a two-channel measurement system. Methods: The system was used to measure the scapula movements accompanying abduction of the shoulder. The scapula locator was applied at 10┬░intervals of abduction. This was measured initially using a fluid filled goniometer, but, in a second part of the study, using an additional motion sensor. Results: In the single channel study, the 95% confidence intervals were less than 4┬░and 10 mm. When simultaneous measurement of arm position was performed the confidence intervals were little changed. Conclusions: A new system for the measurement of scapulohumeral relationships has been shown to have good inter-and intra-observer reliability. This study opens the way for a full investigation of the scapula motion accompanying three dimensional shoulder motion in both normal subjects and in patients having shoulder pathology.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Barnett ND, Duncan RDD, Johnson GR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Biomechanics

Year: 1999

Volume: 14

Issue: 4

Pages: 287-290

Print publication date: 01/05/1999

ISSN (print): 0268-0033

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1271

Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/S0268-0033(98)00106-5

PubMed id: 10619117


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