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Sex differences in cognition: The role of testosterone and sexual orientation

Lookup NU author(s): Dr David Weightman


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The performance of both heterosexual and homosexual males and females was compared on four cognitive tasks which have been shown to reveal evidence of sexual dimorphism. In one spatial and one verbal task, significant sex and orientation effects were found. Significant relationships were also found between salivary free-testosterone levels and performance on both spatial tasks, but no significant associations were found for performance on the two verbal tasks. The present study revealed both within- and between-sex differences in cognition and indicates that the these differences may be partly accounted for by the activational effects of free testosterone.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Neave N, Menaged M, Weightman DR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Brain and Cognition

Year: 1999

Volume: 41

Issue: 3

Pages: 245-262

ISSN (print): 0278-2626

ISSN (electronic): 1090-2147

Publisher: Academic Press


DOI: 10.1006/brcg.1999.1125

PubMed id: 10585237


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