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Gas and liquid mass transport in solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Keith Scott


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Mathematical models are presented for solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells which describe the mass transport limitations which can result at high current density. The models considers oxygen and nitrogen diffusion and convection, vapour and liquid, water transport in the electrode, oxygen transport and water generation at the cathode and water transport through the membrane and vaporization of water. The direct methanol fuel cell, unlike the hydrogen cell, suffers from mass transport limitations predominantly at the anode. For vapour fed cells the mass transfer characteristics are similar to those for the oxygen cathode, with CO2 flowing counter current to the vaporized fuel. For liquid fed cells mass transfer limitations arise from counter current transport of methanol in the liquid and carbon dioxide gas. Data for liquid fuel cells is presented and interpreted on the basis of the model.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Scott K, Kraemer S, Sundmacher Kai

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series

Year: 1999

Issue: 145

Pages: 11-20

Print publication date: 01/01/1999

ISSN (print): 0307-0492

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers



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