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Tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine double-labelling studies on growth factors and oral epithelial proliferation in the mouse

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Peter Thomson


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Mouse tongue epithelium is characterized by a circadian variation in the number of cells undergoing DNA synthesis. Groups of male BDF1 mice were followed over 48 h and a double-labelling method with tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine used to determine S-phase labelling indices, together with cell influx to and cell efflux from S, at 4-hourly time points. Control animals exhibited diurnal peaks in labelling index at 03:00 with trough activity 12 h later at 15:00. Cell influx peaked at 23:00 with troughs occurring between 11:00 to 15:00. Peak cell efflux occurred at 07:00 with trough activity at 19:00. Animals injected with epidermal growth factor at 05:00 demonstrated a significant fall in both influx and efflux throughout the 48-h period (P < 0.001), but with preservation of labelling indices, suggesting a slower transit of cells through S-phase, whereas epidermal growth factor injected at 15:00 only produced a significant rise in cell- efflux values. Adrenergic stimulation by intravenous phenylephrine/isoprenaline injection at both 05:00 and 15:00 resulted in a significant rise in cell efflux (P < 0.001), although there was also a rise in labelling index in the 15:00 group (P < 0.001). Animals injected with calmodulin at 05:00 demonstrated a significant reduction in labelling index throughout the 48-h period (P < 0.001), but maintained control values for cell influx and efflux, suggesting faster transit of cells through S. Calmodulin injection at 15:00 produced only a significant reduction in cell influx (P < 0.001). Administration of exogenous growth factors significantly alters the normal rhythmical proliferation of oral epithelial cells in a mouse model. These effects appear to be both growth factor- and time- dependent, and may have both physiological and pathological implications.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Thomson PJ; McGurk M; Potten CS; Walton GM; Appleton DR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Archives of Oral Biology

Year: 1999

Volume: 44

Issue: 9

Pages: 721-734

Print publication date: 23/07/1999

ISSN (print): 0003-9969

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1506

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/S0003-9969(99)00066-7

PubMed id: 10471156


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