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The low-force frictional characteristics of fabrics against engineering surfaces

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Paul Taylor


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Most of the work on friction in textiles considers fabric-fabric friction under incdium-to-high normal forces. This study investigates friction between apparel fabrics and three engineering surfaces (i.e. aluminium, Formica, and rubber) under zero or low applied normal forces. Several factors, such as the surface roughness, the number of traverses, the normal pressure, and the sliding velocity, are found to influence the frictional force. Wilson's model relating friction to normal force is applied to fabrics sliding on solid surfaces and found to correlate closely with the nature of the sliding surface. The velocity-dependence of friction is modelled with an empirical tribology law describing the Stribeck effect. © Textile Institute.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Taylor PM, Pollet DM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of the Textile Institute

Year: 2000

Volume: 91

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-15

Print publication date: 01/01/2000

ISSN (print): 1353-6184

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: World Textile Publications Ltd.


DOI: 10.1080/00405000008659482


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