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Performance of the direct methanol fuel cell with radiation-grafted polymer membranes

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Keith Scott, Dr Wathiq Taama, Dr Panagiotis Argyropoulos


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This paper reports performance data for the direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) using membrane electrode assemblies using radiation-grafted proton exchange membranes based on polyethylene and ETFE. These membranes exhibited low methanol diffusion coefficients and were thus felt to be potentially useful in reducing possible methanol cross-over from anode to cathode. The membrane electrode assemblies were based on Nafion(®)-bonded carbon-supported catalyst; platinum/ruthenium for the anode and platinum for the cathode. The cell voltage performance of the DMFC, for short duration (<100h) testing, with these low cost membranes is as good as, or superior to, that of cells based on Nafion(®) under identical operating conditions. However, the stability of contact between the membrane and the catalyst layer requires improvement before these membranes become real alternatives to materials such as Nafion(®), for the DMFC. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Scott K; Taama WM; Argyropoulos P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Membrane Science

Year: 2000

Volume: 171

Issue: 1

Pages: 119-130

ISSN (print): 0376-7388

ISSN (electronic): 1873-3123

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.


DOI: 10.1016/S0376-7388(99)00382-8


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