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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Keith Jones
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We have previously described a phospholipase C (PLC) activity in mammalian sperm cytosolic extracts. Here we have examined the Ca2+ dependency of the enzyme, whether there is enough in a single sperm to account for Ca2+ release at fertilization, and finally where in the egg is the phosphatidyl 4,5-bisphosphate, the substrate for the enzyme. As for all PLCs examined so far in vitro, we found that the boar sperm PLC activity was Ca2+ dependent. Specific activity increased when free Ca2+ levels were micromolar. However, even at nanomolar free Ca2+ concentration the boar sperm PLC activity was considerable, being two orders of magnitude greater than PLC activities in other tissues. We calculated that PLC activity of a single boar sperm in a mammalian egg is enough to generate 400 nM inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) in 1 min, which may be sufficient to account for the observed Ca2+ changes in an egg at fertilization. We fractionated sea urchin egg homogenate and examined the ability of boar sperm extract to generate InsP3 from these fractions. The sperm PLC activity triggered InsP3 production from a PIP2-enriched nonmicrosomal egg compartment that contained yolk platelets. We propose that this sperm PLC activity, which is active at nanomolar Ca2+ levels and hydrolyzes PIP2 from intracellular membranes, could be involved in the Ca2+ changes observed at fertilization. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
Author(s): Jones KT; Rice A; Parrington J; Swann K
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Developmental Biology
ISSN (print): 0012-1606
ISSN (electronic): 1095-564X
Publisher: Academic Press
PubMed id: 11087632
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