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Children's respiratory health and daily particulate levels in 10 nonurban communities

Lookup NU author(s): Denise Howel, Ross Darnell, Professor Tanja Pless-Mulloli


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We conducted a study to assess the association between the acute respiratory health of children and the levels of particulates in communities near and away from active opencast coal mines. The study enrolled children aged 1-11 years from the general population of five socioeconomically matched pairs of nonurban communities in northern England. Diaries of respiratory events were collected for 1405 children, and information was collected on the consultations of 2442 children with family/general practitioners over the 6-week study periods during 1996-1997, with concurrent monitoring of particulate levels. The associations found between daily PM10 levels and respiratory symptoms were frequently small and positive and sometimes varied between communities. The magnitude of these associations were in line with those from previous studies, even though daily particulate levels were low, and the children were drawn from the general population, rather than from the population with respiratory problems. The associations among asthma reliever use, consultations with general practitioners, and daily particulate levels were of a similar strength but estimated less precisely. The strength of association between all respiratory health measures and particulate levels was similar in communities near and away from opencast coal mining sites. © 2001 Academic Press.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Pless-Mulloli T; Howel D; Darnell R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Research

Year: 2001

Volume: 87

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-9

ISSN (print): 0013-9351

ISSN (electronic): 1096-0953

Publisher: Academic Press


DOI: 10.1006/enrs.2001.4280

PubMed id: 11534959


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