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A new approach to modelling river-aquifer interactions using a 3-D numerical model and neural networks

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Geoffrey ParkinORCiD, Professor Paul Younger, Dr Stephen Birkinshaw, Dr Zhengfu Rao


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The forthcoming European Union Water Framework Directive has increased awareness of the need to evaluate the impacts of groundwater abstraction on the environment. The Environment Agency of England and Wales is responsible for water resource management, which it achieves primarily by operating a formal abstraction licensing system. Judgements made on applications for groundwater abstraction licenses need to be both systematic and defensible. A novel approach has been developed in a project for the Environment Agency which uses a combination of numerical model simulations of generic river-aquifer systems and neural networks to quantify the impacts on river flows. This approach provides a model which is very fast to run, while retaining the advantage of numerical methods of being able to represent complex conditions. The outcome of the project is a user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI) and embedded neural network software, which is designed for use by abstraction licensing officers. The approach is illustrated using a case study.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Parkin G, Younger PL, Birkinshaw SJ, Murray M, Rao Z

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IAHS-AISH Publication

Year: 2001

Issue: 269

Pages: 183-190

Print publication date: 01/01/2001

ISSN (print): 0144-7815

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: IAHS Press