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Heat does not come in different colours: Entropy-enthalpy compensation, free energy windows, quantum confinement, pressure perturbation calorimetry, solvation and the multiple causes of heat capacity effects in biomolecular interactions

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Jeremy LakeyORCiD


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Modern techniques in microcalorimetry allow us to measure directly the heat changes and associated thermodynamics for biomolecular processes in aqueous solution at reasonable concentrations. All these processes involve changes in solvation/hydration, and it is natural to assume that the heats for these processes should reflect, in some way, such changes in solvation. However, the interpretation of data is still somewhat ambiguous, since different non-covalent interactions may have similar thermodynamic signatures, and analysis is frustrated by large entropy-enthalpy compensation effects. Changes in heat capacity (ΔCp) have been related to changes in hydrophobic hydration and non-polar accessible surface areas, but more recent empirical and theoretical work has shown how this need not always be the case. Entropy-enthalpy compensation is a natural consequence of finite ΔCp values and, more generally, can arise as a result of quantum confinement effects, multiple weak interactions, and limited free energy windows, giving rise to thermodynamic homeostasis that may be of evolutionary and functional advantage. The new technique of pressure perturbation calorimetry (PPC) has enormous potential here as a means of probing solvation-related volumetric changes in biomolecules at modest pressures, as illustrated with preliminary data for a simple protein-inhibitor complex. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lakey JH; Cooper A; Johnson CM; Nollmann M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Biophysical Chemistry

Year: 2001

Volume: 93

Issue: 2-3

Pages: 215-230

ISSN (print): 0301-4622

ISSN (electronic): 1873-4200

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/S0301-4622(01)00222-8

PubMed id: 11804727


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