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Local and nonlocal magnetic diffusion and alpha-effect tensors in shear flow turbulence

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Axel Brandenburg, Professor Dmitry Sokoloff


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Various approaches to estimate turbulent transport coefficients from numerical simulations of hydromagnetic turbulence are discussed. A quantitative comparison between the averaged magnetic field obtained from a specific three-dimensional simulation of a rotating turbulent shear flow in a slab and a simple one-dimensional alpha-omega dynamo model is given. A direct determination of transport coefficients is attempted by calculating the correlation matrix of different components of the field and its derivatives. This matrix relates the electromotive force to physically relevant parameters like the tensor components of the or-effect and the turbulent diffusivity. The α-effect operating on the toroidal field is found to be negative and of similar magnitude as the value obtained in previous work by correlating the electromotive force with the mean magnetic field. The turbulent diffusion of the toroidal field is comparable to the kinematic viscosity that was determined earlier by comparing the stress with the shear. However, the turbulent diffusion of the radial field component is smaller and can even be formally negative. The method is then modified to obtain the spectral dependence of the turbulent transport coefficients on the wavenumber. There is evidence for nonlocal behaviour in that most of the response comes from the smallest wavenumbers corresponding to the largest scale possible in the simulation. Again, the turbulent diffusion coefficient for the radial field component is small, or even negative, which is considered unphysical. However, when the diffusion tensor is assumed to be diagonal the radial component of the diffusion tensor is positive, supporting thus the relevance of a nonlocal approach. Finally, model calculations are presented using nonlocal prescriptions of the α-effect and the turbulent diffusion. We emphasize that in all cases the electromotive force exhibits a strong stochastic component which make the α-effect and the turbulent diffusion intrinsically noisy.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Brandenburg A, Sokoloff D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics

Year: 2002

Volume: 96

Issue: 4

Pages: 319-344

Print publication date: 24/09/2010

ISSN (print): 0309-1929

ISSN (electronic): 1029-0419

Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd.


DOI: 10.1080/03091920290032974


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