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Relationship between enamel etch characteristics and resin-enamel bond strength

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Ross Hobson, Professor John McCabe


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Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between etch patterns produced on surface enamel by phosphoric acid and the corresponding bond strengths achieved. Materials and methods: Twenty-eight patients had the buccal surface of their teeth etched and replicated for examination under the scanning electron microscope, at the commencement of orthodontic treatment. Histometry was employed to assess the nature and quality of etch patterns using a four-point scale. Twenty of each tooth type (total of 240), were collected and A Company pre-adjusted orthodontic brackets, bonded using Transbond light-cured orthodontic adhesive according to the manufacturer's instructions and 24-hour bond strength testing was undertaken. The Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was recorded for the tooth and bracket surface for all specimens. Results: The type of etch was not significantly affected by the side (left or right) of the mouth assessed (p = 0.532). Overall, there was no significant difference between etch types for upper and lower teeth (p = 0.218); however, there were significant differences between specific teeth in the upper and lower arch. The greatest amount of Type A etch (well-defined etched enamel prisms) was found on the lower incisors, yet in all cases this 'ideal' etch was found to occupy less than 5% of the etched buccal surface enamel. The greatest area of etched enamel surface was occupied by Type C (etched but enamel prisms not evident). The mean bond strength values varied significantly between different tooth types, with the lowest bond strength found on the upper first molar (6.5 MPa) and the highest on the lower first molar (13.1 MPa). Conclusions: An ideal etch pattern is not essential in order to produce a strong bond.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hobson RS, McCabe JF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Dental Journal

Year: 2002

Volume: 192

Issue: 8

Pages: 463-468

ISSN (print): 0007-0610

ISSN (electronic): 1476-5373

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4801401a

PubMed id: 12014696


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