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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Matthew Gorton
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With on-going debates over CAP reform and future accession to the EU, the competitiveness of agricultural production in the Central and East European Countries (CEECs) has become a major issue. This article summarises the key findings of empirical work conducted by the authors and other studies that have estimated the competitiveness of agriculture in seven CEECs. We find that, in general, CEEC crop production is more internationally competitive than livestock farming. During the mid-1990s, for example, most arable production in the region was internationally competitive but during the same period, milk production was not internationally competitive. There is, however, a considerable degree of variation from country to country; very little of Slovenia's agricultural production, for example, is internationally competitive. In the livestock sector the greatest problems lie where large herds have been broken up resulting in fragmented production. This has particularly affected beef and milk production. We found variations in competitiveness by farm size and farm type. Larger corporate farms in Hungary and the Czech Republic, for example, are more internationally competitive in crop production than the smaller family farms. In general we find that if CEEC producers faced average EU prices for their traded inputs and outputs, most could be price competitive.
Author(s): Gorton M, Davidova S
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 1478-0917
ISSN (electronic): 1746-692X
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