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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Patrick Briddon
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First-principles calculations of twin boundaries in 3 C-SiC, Si, and diamond are performed, based on the density-functional theory in the local density approximation. We have investigated the formation energies and electronic properties of isolated and interacting twin boundaries. It is found that in 3 C-SiC, interacting twin boundaries which are separated by more than two Si-C bilayers are actually energetically more favorable, implying a relatively frequent appearance of these defects. The effect of the spontaneous polarization associated with the hexagonal symmetry around twin boundaries is also studied, and we have observed that the wave functions belonging to the conduction- and valence-band edge states in 3 C-SiC tend to be localized almost exclusively on different sides of the faulted layers, while there is no such feature in Si or diamond.
Author(s): Iwata HP, Lindefelt U, Oberg S, Briddon PR
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Physical Review B
ISSN (print): 0163-1829
Publisher: American Physical Society
Notes: Article no. 113202
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