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The role of the tumour suppressor p33ING1b in human neoplasia

Lookup NU author(s): Dr John Anderson, Professor John LunecORCiD, Dr Brian Angus


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The inhibitor of growth (ING) genes (ING1-4) probably descend from tumour suppressor genes. ING1 was the first to be identified and later isolated using an approach to detect genes whose expression is suppressed in cancer. The others were isolated through homology and similarity searches in human and mouse databases. All members contain a plant homeodomain involved in macromolecule recognition. Apart from the extensively studied ING1, little is known about the number of transcripts encoded by the other members or their gene structure. ING1 encodes several differentially spliced mRNAs, which may produce a family of proteins. The most widely expressed protein isoform is p33INGb1, which is involved in restriction of cell growth and proliferation, apoptosis, tumour anchorage independent growth, cellular senescence, maintenance of genomic stability, and modulation of cell cycle checkpoints. ING1 gene mutation is uncommon in cancer, although the subcellular localisation of p33INGb1 may have an effect on its function. The p33INGb1 cellular compartmental shift from the nucleus to the cytoplasm may cause loss of normal cellular function, and may play a central role in the pathogenesis of several cancers.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Nouman, G., Anderson, J.J., Lunec, J., Angus, B.

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Pathology

Year: 2003

Volume: 56

Issue: 7

Pages: 491-496

Print publication date: 01/07/2003

ISSN (print): 0021-9746

ISSN (electronic): 1472-4146


DOI: 10.1136/jcp.56.7.491

PubMed id: 12835293