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Factors affecting reproductive performance in the Nepalese Pakhribas pig: Effects of nutrition and housing during lactation

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Narayan Shrestha, Emerita Professor Sandra Edwards


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The effects of housing and nutrition on the performance of first lactation sows of the Nepalese Pakhribas breed were investigated. A total of 36 sows, from a previous experiment on nutrition during gilt rearing, were allocated according to a factorial design with 2 levels of nutrition, 60 or 80% of the calculated lactation requirement, and two types of housing, traditional or improved. The mean live weight loss of sows during lactation was reduced to a slightly greater extent by improved housing (p<0.05) than by better nutrition (p<0.10). There was also a significantly lower loss of P2 backfat thickness (p<0.05) and mean body condition score (p<0.05) for sows on the higher plane of nutrition. Piglet weight gain in early and mid lactation was influenced by gestation feeding of the gilt (p<0.10) and by housing (p<0.05). Late lactation gain was influenced only by lactation feeding (p<0.05). In consequence, piglet weight at 42 day weaning was increased to a similar extent by improved housing (p<0.05) and better lactation nutrition (p<0.01). Significantly more sows were remated by day 10 after weaning from a higher level of rearing nutrition (χ2=13.57, p=0.001), and from improved housing and improved lactation (both χ2=4.57, p=0.033). It is concluded that, under Nepalese village conditions, improvements in housing may be a more cost effective way of improving sow performance than expenditure on additional feed resources.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Shrestha NP, Edwards SA, English PR, Robertson JF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

Year: 2003

Volume: 16

Issue: 5

Pages: 644-649

ISSN (print): 1011-2367

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies