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Childhood mental ability and blood pressure at midlife: Linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Valerie Wilson


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Objectives: To establish the relationship between childhood mental ability and adult hypertension. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Community. Participants: Non-clinical sample of people born in 1921 who participated in both the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies. Nine hundred and thirty-eight people were participants in both studies. Main outcome measures: Mid-life systolic and diastolic blood pressure, intelligence quotient (IQ) at age 11 years, sex, social class, height and weight. Results: After adjustment for age, sex, social class, body mass index, height, cholesterol level and smoking, there remained a 3.15 mmHg decrease in systolic blood pressure and a 1.5 mmHg decrease in diastolic blood pressure for each standard deviation increase in childhood IQ. Conclusions: The association between hypertension and lower cognitive function in adulthood is partly accounted for by individual differences in childhood IQ. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Starr JM, Taylor MD, Hart CL, Smith GD, Whalley LJ, Hole DJ, Wilson V, Deary IJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Hypertension

Year: 2004

Volume: 22

Issue: 5

Pages: 893-897

ISSN (print): 0263-6352

ISSN (electronic): 1473-5598

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


DOI: 10.1097/00004872-200405000-00009

PubMed id: 15097227


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