Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Deep dry mix ground improvement of a soft peaty clay using blast furnace slag and red gypsum

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paul Hughes, Professor Stephanie Glendinning


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


The paper describes a field trial using deep in situ dry soil mixing to stabilize soft peat deposits beneath the route for the Channel Tunnel Rail Link in the SE of the UK. The aim of this trial was to evaluate whether a ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS)-red gypsum mixture could be used as a replacement for a cement-based binder. Red gypsum is produced as a co-product to the production of the white pigment titanium dioxide. Trial columns were installed adjacent to the main stabilization works. A combination of in situ and laboratory testing has shown that the blended binder was as effective as ordinary Portland cement in increasing the strength of the peat. The blended binder columns also displayed similar durability characteristics. Using the alternative binder required no alteration to existing equipment and caused no reduction in production rates. The minerals formed in the samples from the GGBFS-red gypsum columns were of the type formed by pozzolanic reactions and the strength of the GGBFS-red gypsum columns was dependent on achieving a pH of 10.5. The paper recommends that peat samples must be stored in airtight containers prior to initial design mix testing. If required, the pH of the soil-binder mixes should be adjusted (using a small addition of lime) during the treatment process. © 2004 Geological Society of London.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hughes PN, Glendinning S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology

Year: 2004

Volume: 37

Issue: 3

Pages: 205-216

Print publication date: 01/08/2004

ISSN (print): 1470-9236

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House


DOI: 10.1144/1470-9236/04-003


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication