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A randomised controlled trial of a tailored multifaceted strategy to promote implementation of a clinical guideline on induced abortion care

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Robbie Foy, Professor Jeremy Grimshaw


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Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of a tailored multifaceted strategy, delivered by a national clinical effectiveness programme, to implement a guideline on induced abortion. Design: Cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting and participants: All 26 hospital gynaecology units in Scotland providing induced abortion care. Intervention: Following the identification of barriers to guideline implementation, intervention units received a package comprising audit and feedback, unit educational meetings, dissemination of structured case records and promotion of a patient information booklet. Control units received printed guideline summaries alone. Main outcome measures: Compliance with five key guideline recommendations (primary outcomes) and compliance with other recommendations, patient satisfaction and costs of the implementation strategy (secondary outcomes). Results: No effect was observed for any key recommendation: appointment with a gynaecologist within five days of referral (odds ratio 0.89; 95% confidence interval 0.50 to 1.58); ascertainment of cervical cytology history (0.93; 0.36 to 2.40); antibiotic prophylaxis or screening for lower genital tract infection (1.70; 0.71 to 5.99); use of misoprostol as an alternative to gemeprost (1.00; 0.27 to 1.77); and offer of contraceptive supplies at discharge (1.11; 0.48 to 2.53). Median pre-intervention compliance was near optimal for antibiotic prophylaxis and misoprostol use. No intervention benefit was observed for any secondary outcome. The intervention costs an average of £2607 per gynaecology unit. Conclusions: The tailored multifaceted strategy was ineffective. This was possibly attributable to high preintervention compliance and the limited impact of the strategy on factors outside the perceived control of clinical staff.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Foy R, Penney GC, Grimshaw JM, Ramsay CR, Walker AE, MacLennan G, Stearns SC, McKenzie L, Glasier A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Year: 2004

Volume: 111

Issue: 7

Pages: 726-733

ISSN (print): 1470-0328

ISSN (electronic): 0140-7686

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2004.00168.x

PubMed id: 15198764


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