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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Sir George Sir George Alberti
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Aim/hypothesis. Increased proximal renal sodium reabsorption is associated with central adiposity and insulin resistance in white men. Our study examined whether this association also exists in other ethnic groups with different prevalences of insulin resistance and associated metabolic abnormalities. Methods. We studied the association between fractional renal excretion of endogenous lithium (FELi) and metabolic syndrome in a population study of 1190 randomly selected men and women who where 40 to 59 years of age (426 white, 397 of African and 367 of South Asian origin). Anthropometric values, blood pressure, biochemical values, questionnaire data and timed urine collections were obtained with standardised techniques. Endogenous lithium in serum and urine was measured by absorption spectrophotometry. Metabolic markers were the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index, waist circumference, serum triglycerides, serum HDL cholesterol and metabolic syndrome as defined by Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results. In white men and women a higher rate of proximal sodium re-absorption was inversely associated with higher waist circumference, seram triglycerides and HOMA index, and with lower serum HDL cholesterol (all p≤0.001). No associations were found in people of African or South Asian origin. The former had lower FELi than the other groups. White people with the metabolic syndrome had a lower FELi than those without (15.9% vs 19.0%; p=0.003). No difference was found in people of African or South Asian origin. Conclusions/interpretation. Increased proximal sodium re-absorption is associated with the metabolic syndrome in white men and women. This relationship is not seen in people of African or South Asian origin, despite a greater degree of insulin resistance.
Author(s): Barbato A, Cappuccio FP, Folkerd EJ, Strazzullo P, Sampson B, Cook DG, Alberti KGMM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 01/01/2004
ISSN (print): 0012-186X
ISSN (electronic): 1432-0428
PubMed id: 14618235
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