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Extreme Variability of Phenotype in Patients with an Identical Missense Mutation in the Lamin A/C Gene: From Congenital Onset with Severe Phenotype to Milder Classic Emery-Dreifuss Variant

Lookup NU author(s): Dr John Bourke, Emerita Professor Katherine Bushby


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Background: Mutations of the LMNA gene, encoding the nuclear envelope proteins lamins A and C, have been associated with 7 distinct pathologic conditions. Objective: To report 5 cases with the same missense mutation in exon 6 of the LMNA gene, resulting in an E358K substitution in the central rod domain. Design: Case report. Setting: Three muscle centers in England. Patients: Five patients with missense mutations of the LMNA gene. Results: All 5 individuals had muscle involvement, but the onset, severity, distribution of muscle weakness, and presence of associated features were highly variable. Three patients had humeroperoneal distribution of weakness and typical features of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Two other patients showed additional novel features. One had congenital onset and predominant axial weakness, with poor neck control and inability to sit independently at the age of 21 months. Another patient presented in childhood with an unusual pattern of muscle weakness, short stature, and midface hypoplasia with striking fat accumulation around the face and neck, in contrast to wasting of adipose tissue and muscle in the limbs. She developed both respiratory failure and cardiac arrhythmias in her late 20s. Conclusion: Our cases expand the clinical spectrum associated with mutations in the LMNA gene and further illustrate the overlapping phenotypes of the laminopathies.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Mercuri E, Poppe M, Quinlivan R, Messina S, Kinali M, Demay L, Bourke J, Richard P, Sewry C, Pike M, Bonne G, Muntoni F, Bushby K

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Archives of Neurology

Year: 2004

Volume: 61

Issue: 5

Pages: 690-694

ISSN (print): 0003-9942

ISSN (electronic): 1538-3687

Publisher: American Medical Association


DOI: 10.1001/archneur.61.5.690

PubMed id: 15148145


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